Author - School in the Cloud

The papers listed in this section are all related to the predecessor to SOLE – the Hole in the Wall Experiments. These experiments, designed by Professor Sugata Mitra whilst working in India, involved placing computers in public places for children to freely use.

The results of these experiments led to the development of Mitra’s theories on Minimally Invasive Education and Self-Organised Learning Environments.

All of the papers are free to view.


Limits to self organising systems of learning: the Kalikuppam experiment

Citation: Mitra S, Dangwal R. Limits to Self-Organising Systems of Learning – the Kalikuppam Experiment. British Journal of Educational Technology 2010, 41(5), 671-688.

The Hole in the Wall: Self-Organising Systems in Education (book currently unavailable)

Citation: Mitra S. The Hole in the Wall: Self-Organising Systems in Education. New Delhi & New York: Tata-McGraw-Hill Pub. Co. Ltd, 2006.

Acquisition of computing literacy on shared public computers: Children and the ‘Hole in the Wall’

Citation: Mitra S, Dangwal R, Chatterjee S, Jha S, Bisht R, Kapur P. Acquisition of Computing Literacy on Shared Public Computers: Children and the “Hole in the Wall”. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 2005, 21(3), 407-426.

Self Organising Systems for Mass Computer Literacy: Findings from the ‘Hole in the Wall’ Experiments

Citation: Mitra S. Self organising systems for mass computer literacy: Findings from the ‘hole in the wall’ experiments. International Journal of Development Issues 2005 4(1), 71-81.

A Model of how children acquire computing skills from “Hole in the Wall” computers in public places

Citation: Dangwal R, Jha S, Chatterjee S, Mitra S. A model of how children acquire computing skills from “hole in the wall” computers in public places. Information Technologies and International Development 2005 2(4), 41-60.

Children and the Internet: Experiments with Minimally Invasive Education in India

Citation: Mitra S, Rana V. Children and the Internet: Experiments with minimally invasive education in India. British Journal of Educational Technology 2001, 32(2), 221-232.

Children and the Internet: New Paradigms for Development in the 21st Century

Citation: Mitra S. Children and the Internet: new paradigms for development in the 21st Century. Asian Science and Technology Conference 2000; Tokyo, Japan, June 6, 2000.

Minimally Invasive Education for Mass Computer Literacy

Citation: Mitra S. Minimally Invasive Education for mass computer literacy. CRIDALA 2000 Conference; Hong Kong, June 21-25, 2000.